What are Lots in Forex and How do you Calculate Lot Sizes? IG International - Back 2 New Cleaning

What are Lots in Forex and How do you Calculate Lot Sizes? IG International

For example, you could buy 100,000 lots of base currency GBP for the currency pair GBP/USD. In Forex, a lot is a specific sum of funds that are used for trading. There are three different sizes of lots available in Forex trading.

forex lots

IFC Markets offers different trading platforms including MT4, MT5, and a proprietary trading platform called NetTradeX. The micro account with nano lots is only available for NetTradeX platform. A micro account caters primarily to the retail investor who seeks exposure to foreign How to Earn Bitcoin: 5 Simple Ways to Earn More BTC exchange trading but doesn’t want to risk a lot of money. For a $1000 forex account, we highly recommend you to set up a stop loss of 50 pips with 1% risk so that you will be taking trade for two micro-lots. It is beneficial for you in case if your prediction goes wrong.

What is a Lot?

There are several different forex lot sizes that allow traders to take up positions of different amounts when conducting currency pair trading in the forex market. Many factors determine how you choose your lot size and which lot size will https://1investing.in/ best suit your trading strategy and risk management plan. The lot size is a concept in forex trading used in measuring your position size and is defined as the number of currency units you are willing to buy or sell when you enter a trade.

Now, let’s consider how the lot size is related to other trading parameters, such as leverage, margin, money management, and stop loss. For proper risk management if you intend to place multiple trades on multiple pairs, then you shouldn’t go more than 0.4 lot size per trade. As you might be aware, the change in a currency’s value compared to another is calculated in “pips,” which is a small percentage of the value of a unit of currency.

  • If you trade big lot sizes, you will make huge profits if the trade is a winner, but if the trade is a loser, your losses are magnified too.
  • A standard lot is often considered to be the default lot size, but many brokers offer accounts that support the trading of mini and micro lots.
  • At 1,000 units, you may trade on smaller accounts; novice traders often use them to reduce the risk of loss.
  • A lot is the smallest available position size that you can place when trading a currency pair in the foreign exchange market.

Rather than spend it on a holiday or put the money back into savings, the money simply remains in their trading account. Now the longer money remains in a trading account, the more likely it is to be traded with and then it can possibly be lost. Lots in securities and trading represent the number of units of a financial instrument bought on an exchange. For example, an odd lot is the term used when fewer than 100 shares are bought. What should determine the amount of your stop loss is the structure of the market and volatility, not the number of lot size you intend to trade. Some traders tend to trade bigger lot sizes and use smaller stop loss so as to maintain their preferred account risk amount.

What is a Lot in Forex?

Although the lot sizes stay the same, traders have the ability to choose which one they want to use according to several different factors. To put it simply, you will have a standard lot if your position size is 100,000 currency units. Understanding the differences in lot sizes can be very helpful for traders.

forex lots

A mini lot comprises of 10,000 units of your account currency. If you use a dollar-based account and trade a dollar-based pair, each pip in your trade is worth approximately $1.00. If you are a beginner and want to start trading with mini lots, make sure you have fair trading capital. Some forex brokers go even beyond that and offer mini or micro lot sizes for cent accounts.


So, when you buy 1 nano lot size of EUR/USD you will be making $117 worth of purchases. Considering the above figures, each Nano lot is equal to 1¢ so for every pip that eurusd moves, you gain or lose 1¢ while trading with nano lots. Novice or introductory traders can use micro lots, a contract for 1,000 units of a base currency, to minimize or finetune their position size. In a forex trade, 1,000 units of the base currency are equal to one micro lot.

forex lots

Likewise, if the price falls 50 pips to ¥109.50 you have made a loss of $500. When trading in the FX market it is important that traders understand what a lot size is in order to successfully buy and sell currency pair positions. A lot size is the unit of measurement used to determine the amount of currency units bought or sold in a transaction.

Choosing a Lot Size – Micro Lots and Mini Lots

The position sizing calculator will then display your total contract size, pips value and leverage for this particular transaction you are contemplating. The standard lot in Forex trading equals 100,000 units of a currency, a mini lot stands for 10,000 units of the base currency, a micro lot is 1,000 units, while a nano – 100. Understanding the differences between lot sizes can be very helpful for traders since it represents a very important part of Forex trading. Leverage is not a toy and trading more forex lots than your account balance can afford is a double-edged sword.

In other words, the lot for one options contract is 100 shares. A currency’s value can change so minutely that another unit of measurement was created, which is called the pip. The word “lot” has shifted from being a biblical name through its traditional meaning of one’s destiny to today’s synonym for “many”. In Medieval times casting lots was a tool to determine destiny which entailed selecting the shortest or longest from a bunch of straws or other otherwise identical items. These bunches eventually became piles, which became a measurement unit that differs from one asset to another. Justin Paolini helps traders succeed through 1-on-1 coaching at BuildingaTrader.com.

This is where trading the news is important when it comes to currency trades. By now you have realised that you don’t require nearly as much capital to start trading forex as you would for some other instruments. This is because forex trading allows for significant leverage. Note that we multiplied by 10,000 because the size of the transaction was one mini lot, while we multiplied by 100,000 in the first example because the size was one standard lot. A board lot is a standardized number of shares offered as a trading unit—usually a minimum transaction size of 100 units/shares.

Risk management is much more important to your success than your trading strategy, so pay attention to your risk per trade and your lot sizes. A standard lot is equal to 100,000 units of the base currency. If you buy a standard lot of EUR/USD, for example, then you are purchasing €100,000 by selling US dollars. A 1000-pip move in EUR/USD, for example, is only equal to 10 cents. For this reason, forex traders batch up large amounts of currency to buy and sell in each trade.

Plan your trading

To trade a mini lot, you should start with at least $1,000, so you do not blow up your whole account. Although $1.00 per pip will seem to be a small sum, the market in forex trading may shift 100 pips in a day, and sometimes even in an hour. If the market moves against you, this equates to a $100 loss. It might not feel much, but keeping your lot size within a reasonable limit to your account size will help you protect your trading capital in the long run.

Even the most well-informed trading strategy will fail if you do not know the exact lot size that you should be using. Lot sizes tell you how much leverage you will need to take on in order to make a certain amount of profit. They also tell you the exact value of each pip movement in a given currency pair.